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Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 1

عَبَسَ وَتَوَلَّىٰٓ

He [i.e., the Prophet () ] frowned and turned away

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 2

أَن جَآءَهُ ٱلۡأَعۡمَىٰ

Because there came to him the blind man,[1] [interrupting].

1- ÔAbdullŒh, the son of Umm Makt´m.

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 3

وَمَا يُدۡرِيكَ لَعَلَّهُۥ يَزَّكَّىٰٓ

But what would make you perceive, [O Muúammad], that perhaps he might be purified[1]

1- As a result of what he learns from you.

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 4

أَوۡ يَذَّكَّرُ فَتَنفَعَهُ ٱلذِّكۡرَىٰٓ

Or be reminded and the remembrance would benefit him?

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 5

أَمَّا مَنِ ٱسۡتَغۡنَىٰ

As for he who thinks himself without need,[1]

1- i.e., without need of faith or need of AllŒh (subúŒnahu wa taÔŒlŒ). Here it is in reference to a certain influential member of the Quraysh whom the Prophet () had hoped to bring to IslŒm.

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 6

فَأَنتَ لَهُۥ تَصَدَّىٰ

To him you give attention.

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 7

وَمَا عَلَيۡكَ أَلَّا يَزَّكَّىٰ

And not upon you [is any blame] if he will not be purified.[1]

1- The Prophet () was responsible only for conveying the message, not for ultimate guidance.

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 8

وَأَمَّا مَن جَآءَكَ يَسۡعَىٰ

But as for he who came to you striving [for knowledge]

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 9

وَهُوَ يَخۡشَىٰ

While he fears [AllŒh],

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 10

فَأَنتَ عَنۡهُ تَلَهَّىٰ

From him you are distracted.

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 11

كَلَّآ إِنَّهَا تَذۡكِرَةٞ

No! Indeed, they [i.e., these verses] are a reminder;

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 12

فَمَن شَآءَ ذَكَرَهُۥ

So whoever wills may remember it.[1]

1- The revelation. Or "Him," i.e., AllŒh (subúŒnahu wa taÔŒlŒ).

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 13

فِي صُحُفٖ مُّكَرَّمَةٖ

[It is recorded] in honored sheets,

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 14

مَّرۡفُوعَةٖ مُّطَهَّرَةِۭ

Exalted and purified,

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 15

بِأَيۡدِي سَفَرَةٖ

[Carried] by the hands of messenger-angels,

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 16

كِرَامِۭ بَرَرَةٖ

Noble and dutiful.

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 17

قُتِلَ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ مَآ أَكۡفَرَهُۥ

Destroyed [i.e., cursed] is man;[1] how disbelieving is he.

1- i.e., those who deny AllŒh's message.

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 18

مِنۡ أَيِّ شَيۡءٍ خَلَقَهُۥ

From what thing [i.e., substance] did He create him?

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 19

مِن نُّطۡفَةٍ خَلَقَهُۥ فَقَدَّرَهُۥ

From a sperm-drop He created him and destined for him;[1]

1- His proportions, provisions, life span, etc.

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 20

ثُمَّ ٱلسَّبِيلَ يَسَّرَهُۥ

Then He eased the way for him;[1]

1- Into this world (i.e., his birth). It may also refer to life itself, which has been made easier by AllŒh's guidance.

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 21

ثُمَّ أَمَاتَهُۥ فَأَقۡبَرَهُۥ

Then He causes his death and provides a grave for him.[1]

1- To conceal his decaying body.

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 22

ثُمَّ إِذَا شَآءَ أَنشَرَهُۥ

Then when He wills, He will resurrect him.

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 23

كَلَّا لَمَّا يَقۡضِ مَآ أَمَرَهُۥ

No! He [i.e., man] has not yet accomplished what He commanded him.

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 24

فَلۡيَنظُرِ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ إِلَىٰ طَعَامِهِۦٓ

Then let mankind look at his food

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 25

أَنَّا صَبَبۡنَا ٱلۡمَآءَ صَبّٗا

How We poured down water in torrents,

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 26

ثُمَّ شَقَقۡنَا ٱلۡأَرۡضَ شَقّٗا

Then We broke open the earth, splitting [it with sprouts],

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 27

فَأَنۢبَتۡنَا فِيهَا حَبّٗا

And caused to grow within it grain

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 28

وَعِنَبٗا وَقَضۡبٗا

And grapes and herbage

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 29

وَزَيۡتُونٗا وَنَخۡلٗا

And olive and palm trees

Surah: ‘ABASA 

Ayah : 30

وَحَدَآئِقَ غُلۡبٗا

And gardens of dense shrubbery