۞فَنَبَذۡنَٰهُ بِٱلۡعَرَآءِ وَهُوَ سَقِيمٞ
But We threw him onto the open shore while he was ill.
وَأَنۢبَتۡنَا عَلَيۡهِ شَجَرَةٗ مِّن يَقۡطِينٖ
And We caused to grow over him a gourd vine.
1- Which is known to give cooling shade and to be a repellent of flies.
وَأَرۡسَلۡنَٰهُ إِلَىٰ مِاْئَةِ أَلۡفٍ أَوۡ يَزِيدُونَ
And We sent him to [his people of] a hundred thousand or more.
1- i.e., returned him thereafter.
فَـَٔامَنُواْ فَمَتَّعۡنَٰهُمۡ إِلَىٰ حِينٖ
And they believed, so We gave them enjoyment [of life] for a time.
فَٱسۡتَفۡتِهِمۡ أَلِرَبِّكَ ٱلۡبَنَاتُ وَلَهُمُ ٱلۡبَنُونَ
So inquire of them, [O Muúammad], "Does your Lord have daughters while they have sons?
1- The people of Makkah claimed that the angels were daughters of AllŒh, yet they preferred sons for themselves.
أَمۡ خَلَقۡنَا ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓئِكَةَ إِنَٰثٗا وَهُمۡ شَٰهِدُونَ
Or did We create the angels as females while they were witnesses?"
أَلَآ إِنَّهُم مِّنۡ إِفۡكِهِمۡ لَيَقُولُونَ
Unquestionably, it is out of their [invented] falsehood that they say,
وَلَدَ ٱللَّهُ وَإِنَّهُمۡ لَكَٰذِبُونَ
"AllŒh has begotten," and indeed, they are liars.
أَصۡطَفَى ٱلۡبَنَاتِ عَلَى ٱلۡبَنِينَ
Has He chosen daughters over sons?
مَا لَكُمۡ كَيۡفَ تَحۡكُمُونَ
What is [wrong] with you? How do you make judgement?
Then will you not be reminded?
أَمۡ لَكُمۡ سُلۡطَٰنٞ مُّبِينٞ
Or do you have a clear authority?
1- i.e., evidence.
فَأۡتُواْ بِكِتَٰبِكُمۡ إِن كُنتُمۡ صَٰدِقِينَ
Then produce your scripture, if you should be truthful.
وَجَعَلُواْ بَيۡنَهُۥ وَبَيۡنَ ٱلۡجِنَّةِ نَسَبٗاۚ وَلَقَدۡ عَلِمَتِ ٱلۡجِنَّةُ إِنَّهُمۡ لَمُحۡضَرُونَ
And they have made [i.e., claimed] between Him and the jinn a lineage, but the jinn have already known that they [who made such claims] will be brought [to punishment].
سُبۡحَٰنَ ٱللَّهِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ
Exalted is AllŒh above what they describe,
إِلَّا عِبَادَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلۡمُخۡلَصِينَ
Except the chosen servants of AllŒh [who do not share in that sin].
فَإِنَّكُمۡ وَمَا تَعۡبُدُونَ
So indeed, you [disbelievers] and whatever you worship,
مَآ أَنتُمۡ عَلَيۡهِ بِفَٰتِنِينَ
You cannot tempt [anyone] away from Him
إِلَّا مَنۡ هُوَ صَالِ ٱلۡجَحِيمِ
Except he who is to [enter and] burn in the Hellfire.
1- Due to his disbelief and evil deeds.
وَمَامِنَّآ إِلَّا لَهُۥ مَقَامٞ مَّعۡلُومٞ
[The angels say], "There is not among us any except that he has a known position.
1- Refuting what the disbelievers had said about them.
2- For worship. Or "an assigned task" to perform.
وَإِنَّا لَنَحۡنُ ٱلصَّآفُّونَ
And indeed, we are those who line up [for prayer].
وَإِنَّا لَنَحۡنُ ٱلۡمُسَبِّحُونَ
And indeed, we are those who exalt AllŒh."
وَإِن كَانُواْ لَيَقُولُونَ
And indeed, they [i.e., the disbelievers] used to say,
1- Before the revelation of the QurÕŒn.
لَوۡ أَنَّ عِندَنَا ذِكۡرٗا مِّنَ ٱلۡأَوَّلِينَ
"If we had a message from [those of] the former peoples,
لَكُنَّا عِبَادَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلۡمُخۡلَصِينَ
We would have been the chosen servants of AllŒh."
فَكَفَرُواْ بِهِۦۖ فَسَوۡفَ يَعۡلَمُونَ
But they disbelieved in it, so they are going to know.
1- i.e., in their own message, the QurÕŒn.
وَلَقَدۡ سَبَقَتۡ كَلِمَتُنَا لِعِبَادِنَا ٱلۡمُرۡسَلِينَ
And Our word [i.e., decree] has already preceded for Our servants, the messengers,
إِنَّهُمۡ لَهُمُ ٱلۡمَنصُورُونَ
[That] indeed, they would be those given victory
وَإِنَّ جُندَنَا لَهُمُ ٱلۡغَٰلِبُونَ
And [that] indeed, Our soldiers [i.e., the believers] will be those who overcome.
1- If not in this world, then definitely in the Hereafter.
فَتَوَلَّ عَنۡهُمۡ حَتَّىٰ حِينٖ
So, [O Muúammad], leave them for a time.