وَٱلتِّينِ وَٱلزَّيۡتُونِBy the fig and the olive
1- Referring to the places known for their production, i.e., Damascus and Jerusalem, respectively. It could also refer to the fig and olive trees or to the fruits themselves.
وَطُورِ سِينِينَAnd [by] Mount Sinai
وَهَٰذَا ٱلۡبَلَدِ ٱلۡأَمِينِAnd [by] this secure city [i.e., Makkah],
لَقَدۡ خَلَقۡنَا ٱلۡإِنسَٰنَ فِيٓ أَحۡسَنِ تَقۡوِيمٖWe have certainly created man in the best of stature;
1- i.e., upright, symmetrical, and balanced in form and nature.
ثُمَّ رَدَدۡنَٰهُ أَسۡفَلَ سَٰفِلِينَThen We return him to the lowest of the low,
1- This can refer to the depths of Hell, to decrepit old age or to immorality.
إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَٰتِ فَلَهُمۡ أَجۡرٌ غَيۡرُ مَمۡنُونٖExcept for those who believe and do righteous deeds, for they will have a reward uninterrupted.
فَمَا يُكَذِّبُكَ بَعۡدُ بِٱلدِّينِSo what yet causes you to deny the Recompense?
1- More literally, "What makes you lie concerning it?"
أَلَيۡسَ ٱللَّهُ بِأَحۡكَمِ ٱلۡحَٰكِمِينَIs not AllŒh the most just of judges?