الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 1 الآية :


By the dawn

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 2 الآية :

وَلَيَالٍ عَشۡرٖ

And [by] ten nights[1]

1- Usually interpreted as the first ten nights of the month of Dhul-îijjah.

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 3 الآية :

وَٱلشَّفۡعِ وَٱلۡوَتۡرِ

And [by] the even [number] and the odd

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 4 الآية :

وَٱلَّيۡلِ إِذَا يَسۡرِ

And [by] the night when it passes,

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 5 الآية :

هَلۡ فِي ذَٰلِكَ قَسَمٞ لِّذِي حِجۡرٍ

Is there [not] in [all] that an oath [sufficient] for one of perception?[1]

1- Based upon the following verses, what has been sworn to by AllŒh is that He will certainly punish the disbelievers.

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 6 الآية :

أَلَمۡ تَرَ كَيۡفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِعَادٍ

Have you not considered how your Lord dealt with ÔAad

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 7 الآية :

إِرَمَ ذَاتِ ٱلۡعِمَادِ

[With] Iram[1] - who had lofty pillars,[2]

1- Another name for the first people of ÔAad, to whom Prophet H´d was sent.
2- Supporting their tents or buildings.

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 8 الآية :

ٱلَّتِي لَمۡ يُخۡلَقۡ مِثۡلُهَا فِي ٱلۡبِلَٰدِ

The likes of whom had never been created in the land?

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 9 الآية :

وَثَمُودَ ٱلَّذِينَ جَابُواْ ٱلصَّخۡرَ بِٱلۡوَادِ

And [with] Tham´d, who carved out the rocks in the valley?

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 10 الآية :

وَفِرۡعَوۡنَ ذِي ٱلۡأَوۡتَادِ

And [with] Pharaoh, owner of the stakes?[1]

1- By which he tortured people.

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 11 الآية :

ٱلَّذِينَ طَغَوۡاْ فِي ٱلۡبِلَٰدِ

[All of] whom oppressed within the lands

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 12 الآية :

فَأَكۡثَرُواْ فِيهَا ٱلۡفَسَادَ

And increased therein the corruption.

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 13 الآية :

فَصَبَّ عَلَيۡهِمۡ رَبُّكَ سَوۡطَ عَذَابٍ

So your Lord poured upon them a scourge of punishment.

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 14 الآية :

إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَبِٱلۡمِرۡصَادِ

Indeed, your Lord is in observation.

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 15 الآية :

فَأَمَّا ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ إِذَا مَا ٱبۡتَلَىٰهُ رَبُّهُۥ فَأَكۡرَمَهُۥ وَنَعَّمَهُۥ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّيٓ أَكۡرَمَنِ

And as for man, when his Lord tries him and [thus] is generous to him and favors him, he says, "My Lord has honored me."[1]

1- He is proud rather than grateful, attributing the favor to his own merit.

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 16 الآية :

وَأَمَّآ إِذَا مَا ٱبۡتَلَىٰهُ فَقَدَرَ عَلَيۡهِ رِزۡقَهُۥ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّيٓ أَهَٰنَنِ

But when He tries him and restricts his provision, he says, "My Lord has humiliated me."

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 17 الآية :

كَلَّاۖ بَل لَّا تُكۡرِمُونَ ٱلۡيَتِيمَ

No![1] But you do not honor the orphan

1- It is not like you imagine. Rather, AllŒh tries people through prosperity and hardship and rewards both gratitude and patience with honor in the Hereafter.

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 18 الآية :

وَلَا تَحَـٰٓضُّونَ عَلَىٰ طَعَامِ ٱلۡمِسۡكِينِ

And you do not encourage one another to feed the poor.

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 19 الآية :

وَتَأۡكُلُونَ ٱلتُّرَاثَ أَكۡلٗا لَّمّٗا

And you consume inheritance, devouring [it] altogether,[1]

1- Not caring whether it is lawful or unlawful.

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 20 الآية :

وَتُحِبُّونَ ٱلۡمَالَ حُبّٗا جَمّٗا

And you love wealth with immense love.

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 21 الآية :

كَلَّآۖ إِذَا دُكَّتِ ٱلۡأَرۡضُ دَكّٗا دَكّٗا

No! When the earth has been leveled - pounded and crushed

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 22 الآية :

وَجَآءَ رَبُّكَ وَٱلۡمَلَكُ صَفّٗا صَفّٗا

And your Lord has come[1] and the angels, rank upon rank,

1- To pass judgement. See footnote to 2:19

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 23 الآية :

وَجِاْيٓءَ يَوۡمَئِذِۭ بِجَهَنَّمَۚ يَوۡمَئِذٖ يَتَذَكَّرُ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ وَأَنَّىٰ لَهُ ٱلذِّكۡرَىٰ

And brought [within view], that Day, is Hell - that Day, man will remember, but how [i.e., what good] to him will be the remembrance?

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 24 الآية :

يَقُولُ يَٰلَيۡتَنِي قَدَّمۡتُ لِحَيَاتِي

He will say, "Oh, I wish I had sent ahead [some good] for my life."[1]

1- The everlasting life of the Hereafter.

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 25 الآية :

فَيَوۡمَئِذٖ لَّا يُعَذِّبُ عَذَابَهُۥٓ أَحَدٞ

So on that Day, none will punish [as severely] as His punishment,

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 26 الآية :

وَلَا يُوثِقُ وَثَاقَهُۥٓ أَحَدٞ

And none will bind [as severely] as His binding [of the evildoers].

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 27 الآية :

يَـٰٓأَيَّتُهَا ٱلنَّفۡسُ ٱلۡمُطۡمَئِنَّةُ

[To the righteous it will be said], "O reassured soul,

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 28 الآية :

ٱرۡجِعِيٓ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكِ رَاضِيَةٗ مَّرۡضِيَّةٗ

Return to your Lord, well-pleased and pleasing [to Him],

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 29 الآية :

فَٱدۡخُلِي فِي عِبَٰدِي

And enter among My [righteous] servants

الفَجۡرِ Al-Fajr 30 الآية :

وَٱدۡخُلِي جَنَّتِي

And enter My Paradise."