إِذَا ٱلسَّمَآءُ ٱنشَقَّتۡWhen the sky has split [open]
وَأَذِنَتۡ لِرَبِّهَا وَحُقَّتۡAnd has listened [i.e., responded] to its Lord and was obligated [to do so]
1- It will have heard AllŒh's command and will have inclined immediately to compliance and willing obedience.
وَإِذَا ٱلۡأَرۡضُ مُدَّتۡAnd when the earth has been extended
1- i.e., stretched flat and spread out.
وَأَلۡقَتۡ مَا فِيهَا وَتَخَلَّتۡAnd has cast out that within it and relinquished [it].
1- Of the dead and all else buried therein.
وَأَذِنَتۡ لِرَبِّهَا وَحُقَّتۡAnd has listened [i.e., responded] to its Lord and was obligated [to do so] –
يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ إِنَّكَ كَادِحٌ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ كَدۡحٗا فَمُلَٰقِيهِO mankind, indeed you are laboring toward your Lord with [great] exertion and will meet it.
1- i.e., striving throughout your life until you meet your Lord, hastening toward death.
2- i.e., you will find all that you intended and accomplished awaiting you in the Hereafter. Another meaning is "And will meet Him [i.e., your Lord]" and be recompensed in full by Him.
فَأَمَّا مَنۡ أُوتِيَ كِتَٰبَهُۥ بِيَمِينِهِۦThen as for he who is given his record in his right hand,
فَسَوۡفَ يُحَاسَبُ حِسَابٗا يَسِيرٗاHe will be judged with an easy account
وَيَنقَلِبُ إِلَىٰٓ أَهۡلِهِۦ مَسۡرُورٗاAnd return to his people in happiness.
وَأَمَّا مَنۡ أُوتِيَ كِتَٰبَهُۥ وَرَآءَ ظَهۡرِهِۦBut as for he who is given his record behind his back,
فَسَوۡفَ يَدۡعُواْ ثُبُورٗاHe will cry out for destruction
وَيَصۡلَىٰ سَعِيرًاAnd [enter to] burn in a Blaze.
إِنَّهُۥ كَانَ فِيٓ أَهۡلِهِۦ مَسۡرُورًاIndeed, he had [once] been among his people in happiness;
إِنَّهُۥ ظَنَّ أَن لَّن يَحُورَIndeed, he had thought he would never return [to AllŒh].
بَلَىٰٓۚ إِنَّ رَبَّهُۥ كَانَ بِهِۦ بَصِيرٗاBut yes! Indeed, his Lord was ever, of him, Seeing.
فَلَآ أُقۡسِمُ بِٱلشَّفَقِSo I swear by the twilight glow
وَٱلَّيۡلِ وَمَا وَسَقَAnd [by] the night and what it envelops
وَٱلۡقَمَرِ إِذَا ٱتَّسَقَAnd [by] the moon when it becomes full
لَتَرۡكَبُنَّ طَبَقًا عَن طَبَقٖ[That] you will surely embark upon [i.e., experience] state after state.
1- i.e., various stages, both in this life and in the Hereafter.
فَمَا لَهُمۡ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَSo what is [the matter] with them [that] they do not believe,
وَإِذَا قُرِئَ عَلَيۡهِمُ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانُ لَا يَسۡجُدُونَۤ۩And when the QurÕŒn is recited to them, they do not prostrate [to AllŒh]?
بَلِ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ يُكَذِّبُونَBut those who have disbelieved deny,
وَٱللَّهُ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَا يُوعُونَAnd AllŒh is most knowing of what they keep within themselves.
فَبَشِّرۡهُم بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍSo give them tidings of a painful punishment,
إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَٰتِ لَهُمۡ أَجۡرٌ غَيۡرُ مَمۡنُونِۭExcept for those who believe and do righteous deeds. For them is a reward uninterrupted.