وَٱلنَّـٰزِعَٰتِ غَرۡقٗاBy those [angels] who extract with violence
1- i.e., those who tear out the souls of those destined for Hell.
وَٱلنَّـٰشِطَٰتِ نَشۡطٗاAnd [by] those who remove with ease
1- i.e., those angels who ease out the souls of those destined for Paradise.
وَٱلسَّـٰبِحَٰتِ سَبۡحٗاAnd [by] those who glide [as if] swimming
1- Speeding to execute AllŒh's commands.
فَٱلسَّـٰبِقَٰتِ سَبۡقٗاAnd those who race each other in a race
1- Racing to deliver the souls of the believers to Paradise.
فَٱلۡمُدَبِّرَٰتِ أَمۡرٗاAnd those who arrange [each] matter,
1- According to AllŒh's decree.
يَوۡمَ تَرۡجُفُ ٱلرَّاجِفَةُOn the Day the blast [of the Horn] will convulse [creation],
تَتۡبَعُهَا ٱلرَّادِفَةُThere will follow it the subsequent [one].
قُلُوبٞ يَوۡمَئِذٖ وَاجِفَةٌHearts, that Day, will tremble,
1- Those of the disbelievers who denied the Resurrection.
أَبۡصَٰرُهَا خَٰشِعَةٞTheir eyes humbled.
1- Those of the disbelievers.
يَقُولُونَ أَءِنَّا لَمَرۡدُودُونَ فِي ٱلۡحَافِرَةِThey are [presently] saying, "Will we indeed be returned to [our] former state [of life]?
أَءِذَا كُنَّا عِظَٰمٗا نَّخِرَةٗEven if we should be decayed bones?"
1- The disbelievers say this in ridicule of the warning.
قَالُواْ تِلۡكَ إِذٗا كَرَّةٌ خَاسِرَةٞThey say, "That, then, would be a losing return."
1- i.e., "If that were so, we would not be able to escape punishment."
فَإِنَّمَا هِيَ زَجۡرَةٞ وَٰحِدَةٞIndeed, it will be but one shout,
فَإِذَا هُم بِٱلسَّاهِرَةِAnd suddenly they will be [alert] upon the earth's surface.
هَلۡ أَتَىٰكَ حَدِيثُ مُوسَىٰٓHas there reached you the story of Moses? -
إِذۡ نَادَىٰهُ رَبُّهُۥ بِٱلۡوَادِ ٱلۡمُقَدَّسِ طُوًىWhen his Lord called to him in the sacred valley of $uwŒ,
ٱذۡهَبۡ إِلَىٰ فِرۡعَوۡنَ إِنَّهُۥ طَغَىٰ"Go to Pharaoh. Indeed, he has transgressed.
فَقُلۡ هَل لَّكَ إِلَىٰٓ أَن تَزَكَّىٰAnd say to him, 'Would you [be willing to] purify yourself
وَأَهۡدِيَكَ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ فَتَخۡشَىٰAnd let me guide you to your Lord so you would fear [Him]?'"
فَأَرَىٰهُ ٱلۡأٓيَةَ ٱلۡكُبۡرَىٰAnd he showed him the greatest sign,
1- i.e., the miracle of his staff becoming a great snake.
فَكَذَّبَ وَعَصَىٰBut he [i.e., Pharaoh] denied and disobeyed.
ثُمَّ أَدۡبَرَ يَسۡعَىٰThen he turned his back, striving [i.e., plotting].
1- An alternative meaning is "running [from the snake]."
فَحَشَرَ فَنَادَىٰAnd he gathered [his people] and called out.
فَقَالَ أَنَا۠ رَبُّكُمُ ٱلۡأَعۡلَىٰAnd said, "I am your most exalted lord."
فَأَخَذَهُ ٱللَّهُ نَكَالَ ٱلۡأٓخِرَةِ وَٱلۡأُولَىٰٓSo AllŒh seized him in exemplary punishment for the last and the first [transgression]..
1- i.e., for Pharaoh's setting himself up as a deity and for his previous oppression of the people and denial of Moses.
إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَعِبۡرَةٗ لِّمَن يَخۡشَىٰٓIndeed in that is a lesson [i.e., warning] for whoever would fear [AllŒh].
ءَأَنتُمۡ أَشَدُّ خَلۡقًا أَمِ ٱلسَّمَآءُۚ بَنَىٰهَاAre you a more difficult creation or is the heaven? He [i.e., AllŒh] constructed it.
رَفَعَ سَمۡكَهَا فَسَوَّىٰهَاHe raised its ceiling and proportioned it.
وَأَغۡطَشَ لَيۡلَهَا وَأَخۡرَجَ ضُحَىٰهَاAnd He darkened its night and extracted its brightness.
1- i.e., created the day from within the surrounding darkness.
وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ بَعۡدَ ذَٰلِكَ دَحَىٰهَآAnd after that He spread the earth.