لَآ أُقۡسِمُ بِيَوۡمِ ٱلۡقِيَٰمَةِI swear by the Day of Resurrection
وَلَآ أُقۡسِمُ بِٱلنَّفۡسِ ٱللَّوَّامَةِAnd I swear by the reproaching soul [to the certainty of resurrection].
1- i.e., that of the believer, which blames him when he falls into sin or error.
أَيَحۡسَبُ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ أَلَّن نَّجۡمَعَ عِظَامَهُۥDoes man think that We will not assemble his bones?
بَلَىٰ قَٰدِرِينَ عَلَىٰٓ أَن نُّسَوِّيَ بَنَانَهُۥYes. [We are] Able [even] to proportion his fingertips.
بَلۡ يُرِيدُ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ لِيَفۡجُرَ أَمَامَهُۥBut man desires to continue in sin.
1- Literally, "to sin ahead of him." This refers to the disbeliever, who denies the Day of Account.
يَسۡـَٔلُ أَيَّانَ يَوۡمُ ٱلۡقِيَٰمَةِHe asks, "When is the Day of Resurrection?"
فَإِذَا بَرِقَ ٱلۡبَصَرُSo when vision is dazzled.
وَخَسَفَ ٱلۡقَمَرُAnd the moon darkens.
وَجُمِعَ ٱلشَّمۡسُ وَٱلۡقَمَرُAnd the sun and the moon are joined,
يَقُولُ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ يَوۡمَئِذٍ أَيۡنَ ٱلۡمَفَرُّMan will say on that Day, "Where is the [place of] escape?"
كَلَّا لَا وَزَرَNo! There is no refuge.
إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ يَوۡمَئِذٍ ٱلۡمُسۡتَقَرُّTo your Lord, that Day, is the [place of] permanence.
يُنَبَّؤُاْ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ يَوۡمَئِذِۭ بِمَا قَدَّمَ وَأَخَّرَMan will be informed that Day of what he sent ahead and kept back.
1- i.e., his deeds, which await him in the Hereafter.
2- i.e., that which he did not do or which he delayed.
بَلِ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ عَلَىٰ نَفۡسِهِۦ بَصِيرَةٞRather, man, against himself, will be a witness,
1- As described in 36:65 and 41:20-23.
وَلَوۡ أَلۡقَىٰ مَعَاذِيرَهُۥEven if he presents his excuses.
لَا تُحَرِّكۡ بِهِۦ لِسَانَكَ لِتَعۡجَلَ بِهِۦٓMove not your tongue with it, [O Muúammad], to hasten with it [i.e., recitation of the QurÕŒn].
إِنَّ عَلَيۡنَا جَمۡعَهُۥ وَقُرۡءَانَهُۥIndeed, upon Us is its collection [in your heart] and [to make possible] its recitation.
فَإِذَا قَرَأۡنَٰهُ فَٱتَّبِعۡ قُرۡءَانَهُۥSo when We have recited it [through Gabriel], then follow its recitation.
ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيۡنَا بَيَانَهُۥThen upon Us is its clarification [to you].
كَلَّا بَلۡ تُحِبُّونَ ٱلۡعَاجِلَةَNo! But you [i.e., mankind] love the immediate
وَتَذَرُونَ ٱلۡأٓخِرَةَAnd leave [i.e., neglect] the Hereafter.
وُجُوهٞ يَوۡمَئِذٖ نَّاضِرَةٌ[Some] faces, that Day, will be radiant,
إِلَىٰ رَبِّهَا نَاظِرَةٞLooking at their Lord.
1- The people of Paradise will actually see their Creator in the Hereafter.
وَوُجُوهٞ يَوۡمَئِذِۭ بَاسِرَةٞAnd [some] faces, that Day, will be contorted,
تَظُنُّ أَن يُفۡعَلَ بِهَا فَاقِرَةٞExpecting that there will be done to them [something] backbreaking.
كَلَّآ إِذَا بَلَغَتِ ٱلتَّرَاقِيَNo! When it [i.e., the soul] has reached the collar bones
1- At the time it is about to leave the body when one is on the verge of death.
وَقِيلَ مَنۡۜ رَاقٖAnd it is said, "Who will cure [him]?"
وَظَنَّ أَنَّهُ ٱلۡفِرَاقُAnd he [i.e., the dying one] is certain that it is the [time of] separation
وَٱلۡتَفَّتِ ٱلسَّاقُ بِٱلسَّاقِAnd the leg is wound about the leg,
1- From the difficulties the person faces at death or his sudden awareness of the realities of both this world and the Hereafter. It may also refer to his shrouding after death.
إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ يَوۡمَئِذٍ ٱلۡمَسَاقُTo your Lord, that Day, will be the procession.
1- Literally, "driving" or "herding" or "the place to which one is driven."