عبس `Abasa 1 الآية :

عَبَسَ وَتَوَلَّىٰٓ

He [i.e., the Prophet (^) ] frowned and turned away

عبس `Abasa 2 الآية :

أَن جَآءَهُ ٱلۡأَعۡمَىٰ

Because there came to him the blind man,[1] [interrupting].

1- ÔAbdullŒh, the son of Umm Makt´m.

عبس `Abasa 3 الآية :

وَمَا يُدۡرِيكَ لَعَلَّهُۥ يَزَّكَّىٰٓ

But what would make you perceive, [O Muúammad], that perhaps he might be purified[1]

1- As a result of what he learns from you.

عبس `Abasa 4 الآية :

أَوۡ يَذَّكَّرُ فَتَنفَعَهُ ٱلذِّكۡرَىٰٓ

Or be reminded and the remembrance would benefit him?

عبس `Abasa 5 الآية :

أَمَّا مَنِ ٱسۡتَغۡنَىٰ

As for he who thinks himself without need,[1]

1- i.e., without need of faith or need of AllŒh (subúŒnahu wa taÔŒlŒ). Here it is in reference to a certain influential member of the Quraysh whom the Prophet (^) had hoped to bring to IslŒm.

عبس `Abasa 6 الآية :

فَأَنتَ لَهُۥ تَصَدَّىٰ

To him you give attention.

عبس `Abasa 7 الآية :

وَمَا عَلَيۡكَ أَلَّا يَزَّكَّىٰ

And not upon you [is any blame] if he will not be purified.[1]

1- The Prophet (^) was responsible only for conveying the message, not for ultimate guidance.

عبس `Abasa 8 الآية :

وَأَمَّا مَن جَآءَكَ يَسۡعَىٰ

But as for he who came to you striving [for knowledge]

عبس `Abasa 9 الآية :

وَهُوَ يَخۡشَىٰ

While he fears [AllŒh],

عبس `Abasa 10 الآية :

فَأَنتَ عَنۡهُ تَلَهَّىٰ

From him you are distracted.

عبس `Abasa 11 الآية :

كَلَّآ إِنَّهَا تَذۡكِرَةٞ

No! Indeed, they [i.e., these verses] are a reminder;

عبس `Abasa 12 الآية :

فَمَن شَآءَ ذَكَرَهُۥ

So whoever wills may remember it.[1]

1- The revelation. Or "Him," i.e., AllŒh (subúŒnahu wa taÔŒlŒ).

عبس `Abasa 13 الآية :

فِي صُحُفٖ مُّكَرَّمَةٖ

[It is recorded] in honored sheets,

عبس `Abasa 14 الآية :

مَّرۡفُوعَةٖ مُّطَهَّرَةِۭ

Exalted and purified,

عبس `Abasa 15 الآية :

بِأَيۡدِي سَفَرَةٖ

[Carried] by the hands of messenger-angels,

عبس `Abasa 16 الآية :

كِرَامِۭ بَرَرَةٖ

Noble and dutiful.

عبس `Abasa 17 الآية :

قُتِلَ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ مَآ أَكۡفَرَهُۥ

Destroyed [i.e., cursed] is man;[1] how disbelieving is he.

1- i.e., those who deny AllŒh's message.

عبس `Abasa 18 الآية :

مِنۡ أَيِّ شَيۡءٍ خَلَقَهُۥ

From what thing [i.e., substance] did He create him?

عبس `Abasa 19 الآية :

مِن نُّطۡفَةٍ خَلَقَهُۥ فَقَدَّرَهُۥ

From a sperm-drop He created him and destined for him;[1]

1- His proportions, provisions, life span, etc.

عبس `Abasa 20 الآية :

ثُمَّ ٱلسَّبِيلَ يَسَّرَهُۥ

Then He eased the way for him;[1]

1- Into this world (i.e., his birth). It may also refer to life itself, which has been made easier by AllŒh's guidance.

عبس `Abasa 21 الآية :

ثُمَّ أَمَاتَهُۥ فَأَقۡبَرَهُۥ

Then He causes his death and provides a grave for him.[1]

1- To conceal his decaying body.

عبس `Abasa 22 الآية :

ثُمَّ إِذَا شَآءَ أَنشَرَهُۥ

Then when He wills, He will resurrect him.

عبس `Abasa 23 الآية :

كَلَّا لَمَّا يَقۡضِ مَآ أَمَرَهُۥ

No! He [i.e., man] has not yet accomplished what He commanded him.

عبس `Abasa 24 الآية :

فَلۡيَنظُرِ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ إِلَىٰ طَعَامِهِۦٓ

Then let mankind look at his food –

عبس `Abasa 25 الآية :

أَنَّا صَبَبۡنَا ٱلۡمَآءَ صَبّٗا

How We poured down water in torrents,

عبس `Abasa 26 الآية :

ثُمَّ شَقَقۡنَا ٱلۡأَرۡضَ شَقّٗا

Then We broke open the earth, splitting [it with sprouts],

عبس `Abasa 27 الآية :

فَأَنۢبَتۡنَا فِيهَا حَبّٗا

And caused to grow within it grain

عبس `Abasa 28 الآية :

وَعِنَبٗا وَقَضۡبٗا

And grapes and herbage

عبس `Abasa 29 الآية :

وَزَيۡتُونٗا وَنَخۡلٗا

And olive and palm trees

عبس `Abasa 30 الآية :

وَحَدَآئِقَ غُلۡبٗا

And gardens of dense shrubbery