They ask you, [O Muúammad], about the bounties [of war]. Say, "The [decision concerning] bounties is for AllŒh and the Messenger." So fear AllŒh and amend that which is between you and obey AllŒh and His Messenger, if you should be believers.
[Remember, O believers], when AllŒh promised you one of the two groups – that it would be yours – and you wished that the unarmed one would be yours. But AllŒh intended to establish the truth by His words and to eliminate the disbelievers
1- i.e., either the caravan of Quraysh or their army.
[Remember] when He overwhelmed you with drowsiness [giving] security from Him and sent down upon you from the sky, rain by which to purify you and remove from you the evil [suggestions] of Satan and to make steadfast your hearts and plant firmly thereby your feet.
[Remember] when your Lord inspired to the angels, "I am with you, so strengthen those who have believed. I will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieved, so strike [them] upon the necks and strike from them every fingertip."
1- By which they grasp and manipulate their weapons. Also interpreted as "all extremities," i.e., their hands and feet.
And whoever turns his back to them on such a day, unless swerving [as a strategy] for war or joining [another] company, has certainly returned with anger [upon him] from AllŒh, and his refuge is Hell – and wretched is the destination.
And you did not kill them, but it was AllŒh who killed them. And you threw not, [O Muúammad], when you threw, but it was AllŒh who threw that He might test the believers with a good test. Indeed, AllŒh is Hearing and Knowing.
1- i.e., Your strength was insufficient to overcome them, but AllŒh supported you and gave you victory. 2- When the Prophet (^) threw a handful of dust into the faces of the disbelievers, AllŒh caused it to fill the eyes and nose of every soldier, preventing their advance. 3- So that they would appreciate AllŒh's favor to them.
If you [disbelievers] seek the decision [i.e., victory] – the decision [i.e., defeat] has come to you. And if you desist [from hostilities], it is best for you; but if you return [to war], We will return, and never will you be availed by your [large] company at all, even if it should increase; and [that is] because AllŒh is with the believers.
O you who have believed, respond to AllŒh and to the Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life. And know that AllŒh intervenes between a man and his heart and that to Him you will be gathered.
And remember when you were few and oppressed in the land, fearing that people might abduct you, but He sheltered you, supported you with His victory, and provided you with good things – that you might be grateful.