O Prophet, when you [Muslims] divorce women, divorce them for [the commencement of] their waiting period and keep count of the waiting period, and fear AllŒh, your Lord. Do not turn them out of their [husbands'] houses, nor should they [themselves] leave [during that period] unless they are committing a clear immorality. And those are the limits [set by] AllŒh. And whoever transgresses the limits of AllŒh has certainly wronged himself. You know not; perhaps AllŒh will bring about after that a [different] matter.
1- See rulings in 2:228-233. A wife should not be divorced except after the completion of her menstrual period but before sexual intercourse has occurred, or else during a confirmed pregnancy. The pronouncement of divorce begins her waiting period (Ôiddah). 2- Such as regret or renewed desire for the wife.
And when they have [nearly] fulfilled their term, either retain them according to acceptable terms or part with them according to acceptable terms. And bring to witness two just men from among you and establish the testimony for [the acceptance of] AllŒh. That is instructed to whoever should believe in AllŒh and the Last Day. And whoever fears AllŒh – He will make for him a way out
And will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever relies upon AllŒh – then He is sufficient for him. Indeed, AllŒh will accomplish His purpose. AllŒh has already set for everything a [decreed] extent.
And those who no longer expect menstruation among your women – if you doubt, then their period is three months, and [also for] those who have not menstruated. And for those who are pregnant, their term is until they give birth. And whoever fears AllŒh – He will make for him of his matter ease.
1- The ruling concerning pregnancy applies also in the case of the husband's death.
Lodge them [in a section] of where you dwell out of your means and do not harm them in order to oppress them. And if they should be pregnant, then spend on them until they give birth. And if they breastfeed for you, then give them their payment and confer among yourselves in the acceptable way; but if you are in discord, then there may breastfeed for him [i.e., the father] another woman.
1- During their waiting period (referring to wives whose divorce has been pronounced). 2- So that they would be forced to leave or to ransom themselves. 3- See 2:233.
Let a man of wealth spend from his wealth, and he whose provision is restricted – let him spend from what AllŒh has given him. AllŒh does not charge a soul except [according to] what He has given it. AllŒh will bring about, after hardship, ease [i.e., relief].
[He sent] a Messenger [i.e., Muúammad (^)] reciting to you the distinct verses of AllŒh that He may bring out those who believe and do righteous deeds from darknesses into the light. And whoever believes in AllŒh and does righteousness – He will admit him into gardens beneath which rivers flow to abide therein forever. AllŒh will have perfected for him a provision.
It is AllŒh who has created seven heavens and of the earth, the like of them. [His] command descends among them so you may know that AllŒh is over all things competent and that AllŒh has encompassed all things in knowledge.